ACNE usually begins in the teenage years and disappears by age 25, but it can sometimes persist into the adult years. Acne is caused by inflammation of the hair follicles and is most common on the face, back and chest. Features include blackheads, whiteheads and cysts. In severe cases, acne may lead to permanent scarring.Causes of acne are commonly due to the hormonal changes of puberty, pregnancy or during the menstrual cycle. Other triggers may be stress, diet and medications.
ECZEMA is a condition most common in children, beginning before the age of 5, but can occur at any age. It may persist into adolescence and adulthood. For some people, it flares periodically and then clears up for a time, even for several years. It may be accompanied by asthma or allergies. It is common to have a family history of eczema, asthma or allergies. Signs and symptoms may include dry skin, itching, which may be severe, especially at night, red to brownish-gray patches, especially on the hands, feet, ankles, wrists, neck, upper chest, eyelids, inside the bend of the elbows and knees, and in infants, the face and scalp.
Guttate Psoriasis often affects young adults and children. It is usually triggered by a bacterial infection such as strep throat which occurs 1-2 weeks before the skin eruption occurs. It's marked by small, droplet-shaped, scaling lesions on the trunk, arms, legs and scalp.The lesions are covered by a fine scale and aren't as thick as typical plaques. It can be itchy and often resolves on its own but can flare up again during times of illness or stress.
PSORIASIS is a skin condition that affects approximately 5% of the population. There is a genetic predisposition to the condition that can be triggered at any time, often by stress, damage to the skin, infection or drug interactions. It is considered to be a chronic inflammatory condition that when the immune system is triggered, causes the skin cells to multiple much faster than normal leading to a build up on the surface. The skin can become very itchy and flaky. Plaque psoriasis and this causes dry, raised, red skin lesions (plaques) which are covered with silvery scales. These plaques might be itchy or painful. They are most commonly found on the elbows, knees, scalp, umbilicus (belly button) and genitals are most affected.
Nail Psoriasis can affect fingernails and toenails, causing pitting, abnormal nail growth and discoloration. Psoriatic nails might loosen and separate from the nail bed. Severe cases may cause the nail to crumble.
Psoriatic arthritis causes swollen, painful joints that are typical of other arthritis conditions. Sometimes the joint symptoms are the first or only manifestation of psoriasis or at times only nail or skin changes are seen. Symptoms range from mild to severe, and psoriatic arthritis can affect any joint.
ROSACEA or acne rosacea, is a non-contagious skin inflammation that exclusively affects the face. The small surface blood vessels (capillaries) of the skin enlarge, giving the appearance of a permanent flush. The forehead, cheeks and chin may develop yellow-headed pimples. Unlike acne, rosacea does not scar. It is most common is fair skinned middle aged women but may start in childhood. Rosacea is often both genetic and environmental, and can be triggered by, emotional stress, sun exposure and heat, alcohol, spicy foods, hormonal changes and cosmetics.
Fungal skin and nail infections are commonly treated externally with anti fungal creams and lotions, but by addressing the internal triggers and the immune system long term relief can be achieved.